The main advantage of the automatic transmission Automatic Driving Lessons Birmingham is the ability to automatically select the gear ratio, which is responsible for driving conditions, which greatly simplifies the driving process. The speeds are switched without the participation of the driver.
Operating modes of automatic transmission
The automatic transmission has several operating modes.
Р (Park, Parking) – the mode responsible for parking the car. In this position of the lever on the gearbox, the drive wheels are blocked.
D (Drive) – driving mode. In this position, the lever automatically selects the correct gears to set the travel speed.
N (Neutral) – vehicle neutral position mode. In this position, the car engine idles (without wheel rotation). It is not recommended to use neutral mode when driving. Sometimes neutral mode is used to warm up the engine at low temperatures.
R (Reverse) – reverse mode. In this position of the lever, the car moves backward. The mode is activated only when the car is stopped and the brake pedal is pressed.
D3 (S) – reduced gear mode. Can be used when driving on gentle slopes or inclines. In addition, this mode allows you to most effectively stop the movement of the car.
D2 (L) – reduced gear mode for extreme driving conditions (overcoming steep descents / ascents, serpentine roads, etc.).
All of the above modes are related to the main operating modes. However, many advanced automatic transmissions are equipped with a number of additional modes.
S (sport) – sports high-speed driving mode.
E (Economic) – fuel economy mode, economical driving. This mode allows more economical consumption of fuel, with a slow acceleration of the car and smoother gear shifting.
M (Manual) – manual control mode (like a manual transmission). Allows you to manually switch gears using the steering column levers marked “+” – increase, “-” – decrease.
OD (over drive) – city traffic mode. It is constantly active, but when you turn it off, you can hardly go to high speed.
L (Low) – low gear mode. In this position, the car always moves slowly in the very first gear. It can have a value of 2 and 3. When the movement of the car is possible in a reduced gear, but not higher than the second and third, respectively.
W (Winter) – winter driving mode. The movement of the car is possible from the second gear in order to avoid the towing of the wheels.
KICK DOWN is a mode in which the car can perform Driving school Birmingham forced acceleration when overcoming various obstacles. This mode is activated by pressing the gas pedal all the way.
Features of using automatic transmission
Learning to drive a car with an automatic transmission is very simple, it is enough to study all the controls of the automatic transmission well enough.When starting the engine, depress the brake pedal and set the selector lever to D (drive) or R (reverse gear). Then remove the car from the handbrake and release the brake pedal in order for the car to move.
To stop the engine, depressing the brake pedal, select the P mode (parking, stop), set the handbrake and turn off the engine.
Modes D and L should be applied based on the operating conditions of the vehicle – reduce or increase speed, brake with the engine, tow, overtake, etc.
The use of N and P modes is not recommended when braking at traffic lights or cornering.
When using an automatic transmission, it is imperative to monitor the quality of the oil. The oil change should be carried out at the specified intervals and only for the brands recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.
A car equipped with an automatic transmission must always use the handbrake, even if it is on a flat road.
When driving in winter, always warm up the engine. For accelerated engine warm-up, the accelerator lever must be set in the “Parking” mode by pressing the accelerator pedal.
Switching the automatic transmission lever when changing the direction of travel is permissible only when the vehicle is at a complete stop. For example, the car was moving forward, then you need to reverse, for this you need to stop the car and select the desired mode.
A car with automatic transmission is not recommended for use on serious off-road conditions, since such a control system is sensitive to the quality of the roads. That is why you should avoid roads with poor coverage, large snow drifts, swampy areas, etc.
Advantages and disadvantages of driving a car with automatic transmission
The advantages of driving a car with automatic transmission include:
safe and efficient driving in urban environments;
no need to constantly switch the gear lever on the gearbox;
The disadvantages of this type of driving include the following:
high fuel consumption when driving in urban conditions compared to a manual transmission (not a fact, it depends on the skill of the driver);
contraindications for towing cars with automatic transmission on a flexible or rigid coupling without hanging the drive wheels (depends on the machine and many modern automatic transmission designs allow towing subject to certain conditions);
contraindications for towing heavy trailers by vehicles with an automatic transmission (you can tow, you cannot overload);
the complexity and high cost of repairing automatic transmissions (there is nothing you can do about it, that is, that is).
In general, it is worth noting that an automatic transmission is preferable for most drivers. This greatly simplifies driving, which means it makes driving safer, not to mention comfort.
There is an opinion that if an automatic transmission is installed on the car, and God forbid you drive into a hole and skid on it, then you will not be able to get out Automatic driving lessons Birmingham ladies without outside help. But if there were mechanics, then by rocking the car, you can get out much easier.